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Trevisani's 4 Distances Model (4DM)

 Trevisani's Four Distances Model (4DM) and Semiotic Analysis (Semiospheres)



The 4Distances model focuses on Factors that generate Relational Distance in Communication


The 4 main variables of the model are


1.       Distance of the Self (Summarized: Role Distance)

2.       Code Distance (Communication Codes Distance)

3.       Values Distance

4.       Personal History (Referential Distance)


The model regards the 4 main factors that can generate Relational Proximity vs. Relational Distance.

In this model, distance is considered to be not only a physical measure (e.g. to be 1 meter distant one to another) but as a matter of "relations".

One can be extremely distant (in relational terms) from the people that are in the same bus or elevator, but extremely connected emotionally to a physically distant person, to a loved one, or a colleague, or a member of a team of which he/she is part.

We continuously experience this "distance" but we do not have the terms to effectively measure it, we do not have the vocabulary necessary to speak about it, and we do not know exactly what to do when we want to close this distance (increase the relationship strength) or increase the distance from a person, or even a group or an ideology that surrounds us.

The model is used by its author, Dr. Daniele Trevisani, also to identify the variables that generate the "Distance from the Self" described in humanistic psychology and counseling as a lack of self-understanding, the distance from an "ideal self" in personal growth projects (personal coaching), the distance of a team from its ideal functioning in team coaching, and also to improve personal and team performances in challenging environments.

Sub Factors

The model enables a more detailed analysis of Communication Situations, based on sub-variables of the 4 main variables.

1)      Distance of the Self

a)      Biological Differences (the “Hardware”): Differences in age, sex, brain structure, body

b)      Differences in Archetype of the Self: the Self Image, Personality, Self View, Role played

2)      Code Distance

a)      External and perceivable communication Signs (Denotation analysis, in Semiotic terms)

b)      Deep Content, meaning, semantic interpretation (Connotation analysis in Semiotic terms)

3)      Values Distance

a)      Strong internalized Values, World View, Core Beliefs

b)      External attitudes, peripheral beliefs

4)      Personal History (Referential Distance)

a)      History of personally perceived objects and situations (Hard Perception)

o   Personal Emotional History, including Personal Emotional Present

 From vague consciousness to precise consciousness

Very often, the awareness of people involved in interaction, regarding the 4 variables, is very low. Semiospheres exist but their boundaries are yet unclear.

A very important advancement is that of clarification:

Clarification of the self and self boundaries, and clarification of the relational counterpart



Identifying the factors of incommunicability and what blocks communication flow

D1 Incommunicability: unacceptance, miscommunication and misunderstanding located in Role Perceptions and Role Setting




Copyright Dr. Daniele Trevisani www.danieletrevisani.com, content can be cited for research or sharing purpose only quoting the source.

• Home • Plutchick Wheel of Emotions •   Lövheim Cube of Emotions • Scherer's Five Components Model • Trevisani's 4 Distances Model (4DM) • Trevisani's 4 Level Model of Intercultural Empathy •

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Dr. Daniele Trevisani International Trainer, International Coach, International Speaker, Sports Coaching, Life Coaching, Business Coaching. Mail Address

International Trainer, International Coach, International Speaker Dr. Daniele Trevisani, Sports Coaching, Life Coaching, Business CoachingMarketing Research & ConsultingConsultants in Marketing and CommunicationCommunication and Marketing Training, Human Resources TrainingHuman Potential, Resources Development, Counseling Specialist in Europe

Dr. Daniele Trevisani - Master of Arts in Mass Communication, University of Florida (USA) - Fulbright Scholar, Intercultural Communication, American University of Washington, DC (USA) - Certified Advanced Coach by STEP™ - Certified Counselor by STEP™ - Certified Coaching Supervisor by STEP™ - Certified Counseling Supervisor by STEP™ - Master Trainer HPM™ Human Potential Method - Master Trainer ALM™ Business Coaching Method - Master Trainer HPM™ Intercultural Communication Method

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I Master Metodo HPM (Sviluppo manageriale del potenziale personale) e Metodo ALM (Master privato in Marketing Management) condotti direttamente dal Dott. Daniele Trevisani

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